What are Advantages and Disadvantages of MDF Board?

Author: Geym

Feb. 04, 2024

Construction & Real Estate

What are Advantages and Disadvantages of MDF Board

MDF stands for medium density fiberboard. It is manufactured by binding hardwood or softwood fibers with resin and wax under high temperature and pressure. MDF is denser than plywood and particle board. There are many advantages of MDF boards and they are used for both residential and commercial construction. However, there are also some disadvantages associated with mdf boards. Both have been discussed here.


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Suggested Post: What is MDF Plywood?

Advantages of MDF Board

These are some of the mdf wood advantages which makes it a popular wooden construction material.

Locate: Plywood Suppliers and Manufacturers in India

MDF is an engineered product. Hence, it has no grain. This is why it is easy to cut and drill without the risk of damage. Its density also makes it suitable for machines.

MDF has a very smooth surface devoid of knots and kinks.

MDF can be painted or stained to appear like natural wood. Wood veneers and laminates can also be attached to mdf boards to impart a natural wooden appearance. Thus, mdf is a good alternative to natural wood without compromising on the appearance of a natural wood.

MDF does not expand or contract due to moisture or temperature changes unlike natural wooden products such as doors. The swelling caused in MDF due to water is also very less. Thus, MDF is dimensionally stable.

Hinges and screws fix better on MDF because its density is more as compared to porous and open grained natural wood. Thus, a strong hold can be created by using MDF.

MDF takes colour very easily and swiftly. Natural wood, on the other hand, takes a long time to be stained with colour.

Highly smooth edges of MDF makes cutting and carving designs on it very simple.

MDF is resistant against termites and other insects because it is treated with special chemicals during the manufacturing process.

MDF is economical and costs a fraction of the price of natural wood. Thus, it is a cheaper substitute for natural wood. You get a natural wooden appearance without spending money on genuine wood. MDF suits the budget of most people.

MDF is an eco-friendly product because it is made from recycled materials.

Related Post: MDF vs. Plywood vs. Particle Board

Disadvantages of MDF Board

These are the disadvantages of mdf which must be kept in mind by people.

MDF is weaker as compared to natural wood and is not designed to withstand extreme stress. It is prone to cracking or splitting under stress. The longevity of furniture made of mdf is inferior as compared to natural wooden furniture.

More nails are required to install MDF board because its density is lower than that of natural wood. The nails also need to fixed at close intervals to avoid drooping of the board in the middle.

Hammering a nail in an MDF board is difficult and takes a lot of time. This is because the wood does not come back around the nail after it has been hammered in. The displaced wood spoils the smooth surface. Thus, you need to sand down the surface to make it smooth again.

MDF contain urea formaldehyde which is released from it during cutting and sanding. Urea formaldehyde causes irritation in lungs and eyes. Dust produced when MDF is machined is also very harmful for the lungs. Hence, it is advisable to wear a face mask and goggles when working with MDF board. In order to seal urea formaldehyde inside MDF, it is better to coat the whole board with paint.

MDF is very dense. Hence, MDF are sheets are difficult to handle and require more than one person for cutting, sanding or installing.

he cutting edges of tools can blunt quickly when used on MDF because it has a high glue content.

What is MDF? The Pros and Cons of MDF vs Real Wood

MDF, or medium-density fiberboard, is a building material composed of wood fibers, resin, and other additives. These components are processed together under high heat and pressure to form a dense and uniform panel.

MDF offers several advantages over real wood including dimensional stability, ease of workability, and cost. While there are also disadvantages to using MDF, its smooth surface and uniform composition make it an excellent choice for interior trim, cabinetry, and furniture.

Due to its versatility and affordability, MDF is a favorite material for both building professionals and DIY enthusiasts alike.


What is MDF?

MDF is an engineered, composite building product formed by bonding wood fibers, which are cellulose strands extracted from wood, similar to fibers used to create paper. Manufacturers bind these fibers together with a resin binder, water, and paraffin wax. MDF boards have a density range between 500 to 1,000 kg/m3 with an average density between 600-800 kg/m3.

Manufacturers create MDF in a process called “dry forming”. During this process, the wood fibers are mixed with resin and compressed using high pressure and heat. The resulting panel has a uniform density throughout, giving it consistent dimensional stability and strength.

Because it is a manufactured product, MDF does not have knots, wood grain, or voids. This makes it ideal for applications that require a smooth, uniform, and unblemished surface. MDF is available in different thicknesses and sheet sizes to suit a wide variety of applications.

Types of MDF

MDF is popular in many building applications, so manufacturers have created diverse types of MDF to suit this wide range of building applications. These types differ in their exact composition, additives, and properties.

Standard MDF

Standard MDF is the most common type and is suitable for a wide range of interior projects. It has a consistent density and smooth finish and is easy to shape and cut.

Moisture-Resistant MDF

Moisture Resistant (MR) MDF is created to have greater resistance to moisture and humidity with the use of water-resistant additives. This type of MDF is optimal for bathrooms and kitchens and other moisture-prone environments. Most MR MDF is green in color because the manufacturers add green dye to the mixture to set these boards apart from standard MDF.

Fire-Retardant MDF

Fire-retardant MDF is created by mixing fire-retardant additives into the wood fibers during the manufacturing process. Builders use these boards for commercial applications where fire codes are more strict. Fire-retardant MDF boards are red to differentiate them from other types of MDF.

Exterior Grade MDF

Standard MDF is not resistant enough to withstand outdoor conditions. Exterior grade MDF has enhanced resistance to weathering, humidity, and UV damage. This type of MDF is common in outdoor trim and signage.

Ultralight MDF

Manufacturers create ultralight MDF using lightweight materials or modify the density of the product during the manufacturing process. This MDF has similar properties to standard MDF, but it is lighter in weight, so it is easier to handle and transport. Ultralight MDF is not as strong as standard MDF.

Veneered MDF

Veneered MDF has a similar structural composition as other MDF boards, but it has a thin sheet of wood veneer bonded to the surface. This product creates the look of solid wood, but it still has the uniformity and strength of MDF.

Bendy MDF

Manufacturers create bendy MDF, also called flexible or bendable MDF, to be more flexible than standard MDF. They create this flexibility by heating the wood fibers to soften them. This allows builders to bend or curve the MDF into desired forms. The bending radius depends on the thickness of the panel.

Standard MDF Sizes

Thickness – MDF panels are available in a range of thicknesses from ⅛ inch (2.5 mm) to 1 inch (25 mm). The thicknesses available can vary according to the manufacturer and region.

Width – The most common standard MDF width is 4 feet, but there are other length boards available including 5 feet and 8 feet.

Length – The most common standard length for MDF boards is 8 feet, but you can find boards that are as long as 25 feet.

Pros and Cons of MDF Compared to Real Wood

Some people view MDF as inferior to wood, and though it is different, it has some distinct advantages over wood for certain projects and under certain conditions.


Affordability – MDF is generally less expensive than most types of softwood and hardwood. This makes it suitable for people on a limited budget.

Uniformity – MDF has a consistent density and a uniform composition. This means that it is less likely than wood to have holes, knots, irregular wood grain, voids, and other imperfections.

Smooth Surface – The smooth surface of MDF is ideal for painting, veneering, or applying laminates to result in a flawless finish.

Stability – MDF is less prone to twisting, warping, and shrinking, compared to real wood. This makes it ideal for applications that require dimensional stability.

Versatility – It is easy to shape, cut, and route MDF boards, so it is useful for creating detailed molding, furniture, and cabinetry.


Durability – MDf is not as durable as real wood and is more prone to scratches, dents, nicks, and moisture damage.

Weight – MDF is heavier than natural wood, so it is more challenging to handle and transport.

Limited Strength – MDF is a strong material, but it is not as strong as real wood. This makes it less suitable for load-bearing or heavy-use applications.

Environmental Impact – Manufacturers create MDF using recycled or waste-wood fibers, so this is beneficial to the environment. But the process to create MDF uses resins and adhesives that contain formaldehyde, a carcinogen, or other volatile organic compounds (VOC) that will continue to off-gas until you seal the board with paint.

Limited Repair Options – You can repair real wood elements that sustain damage by sanding and repainting or staining. It is difficult to seamlessly repair MDF due to its composite nature.

5 Reasons Why You Should Use MDF

Why is MDF a popular choice for construction projects? Because it’s a more cost-effective alternative to other timber products.

But did you know that cost is just one reason why more commercial builders now prefer to use MDF?

Read on to discover how you can stretch your building budget with MDF, along with four other reasons which make it a no-brainer for your next project.


What is MDF?

Medium-density fibreboard (MDF) is a synthetically produced material made out of wood fibres.

MDF manufacturers typically combine the wood fibres with wax, resin, and other chemicals before pressing them into sheets. They then subject the sheets to high temperature and pressure.

The end result? A relatively low-cost wood composite product engineered to be heavier, denser, and stronger than plywood or particle board (chipboard).

What is it for?

MDF is best for indoor use. Builders use them to make walls, doors, millworks, store fixtures, even shelves and cabinetry.

MDF boards come in different grades and styles, including moisture resistant and fire retardant variants. They also come in a range of colours, patterns, and decorative finishes.

With so many choices available, there’s sure to be an MDF to match your construction needs and design aesthetics . You’re limited only by your imagination!

So why should you use it?

Like we said, it’s a no-brainer! Using MDF makes perfect business sense for both your vision and your bottom-line. That’s because they offer:

1. Value for Money

There’s a reason why solid wood is the gold standard in construction. Aside from being sturdy and beautiful, it’s also quite expensive and usually in short supply.

In contrast, medium-density fibreboards are made from hardwood and softwood residuals, sawmill cast offs, and even reclaimed wood. This makes fibreboards much cheaper and more readily available than solid wood. They even cost less than plywood.

But cheaper doesn’t necessarily mean subpar. In both form and function, MDF is a cost-effective option for partitions, doors, molding, and cabinets, among many other applications.

And because they’re easier to cut and paint than solid wood or plywood, you can count on MDF to reduce your staff’s work hours. What does less prep work and staff hours mean for your project? Savings, of course.

And with the right maintenance, you can also make medium-density fibreboards last as long as most solid wood products.

2. Strength and Durability

Particle or chipboards are composed of large, coarse fibres. Meanwhile, MDF are made up of much finer, highly compressed wood fibres. This makes MDF heavier, stronger, and more durable than chipboards and also plywood.

Unlike particle boards, MDF doesn’t crack or warp easily when exposed to fluctuations in temperature and humidity. This is why many builders prefer to use them as door center panels for cabinets, especially in kitchens and bathrooms.

Due to their high density, fibreboards hold better to hinges. They’re also more resistant to termites because part of their production process involves certain chemical treatments.

3. Consistency

The MDF manufacturing process, particularly pressing and heating stages, ensures that each fibreboard is consistently dense and even all throughout.

This consistency not only makes the board easier to cut, it also leaves its edges smooth,, unlike regular plywood or solid wood that are prone to splinters and voids. This means you can skip the sanding process and go straight into building.

As mentioned earlier, less effort translates to less work hours, which in turn translates to more savings.

4. Endless Possibilities for Creativity and Customisation

MDF can be easily cut and shaped into amazing designs

Aside from being easier to cut, medium-density fibreboards are also easier to drill and customise. This gives you more freedom to come up with intricate designs, such as scalloped edges made with scroll saws, band saws or jigsaws.

Unlike plywood that has underlying grains that can telegraph through thin veneers, MDF’s flat, uniform, knot-free surface lends itself well to laminators, veneers, and overlays, Paint adheres to this smooth, even surface much better, too. These qualities give you almost limitless opportunities to play around with your fibreboard’s look.

As an added bonus, what does using less paint and expending less effort mean again? That’s right, yet more savings for you!

5. A Little Love for the Planet

Australia has one of the world’s most stringent MDF quality control standards. In fact, an Australian-made MDF must achieve an LFE E1 rating before it can be sold. This code, which must be stamped on the board, stands for “low formaldehyde emission.”

And despite the use of chemicals in its manufacture, MDF still has an environment-friendly element to it. This is because part of its production process involves recycling timber scraps, old wood, and even waste paper.

MDF: It’s a Win-Win!

Any building project can run the risk of going overbudget. If you don’t plan your expenses well, you just may end up wasting resources.

But switching to MDF will allow you to stretch your resources, perhaps even maximize and reallocate your savings. And all without sacrificing the look and quality of your overall project. How’s that for a win-win?




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